Tuesday, October 19, 2010
St. Jean de Brébeuf
He is the patron of the Jesuits in Canada and one of the most notable missionaries of the Society of Jesus.
John was born on March 25, 1593, in Condé sur Vire, in Normandy eastern France.
Belongs to a family of landowners and farmers. His parents are rich, and well regarded within its class, and throughout the region. Catholics are committed, despite the prevailing Calvinism of Normandy.
The school teacher, or perhaps the priest of the parish of Condé sur Vire, taught to read and write.
Due to the position of the family, John is studying at the Academy after the nearby town of Saint Lô. Later starts the humanistic studies at the University of Caen.
With the Jesuits
Jean de Brébeuf is 16 years old when the Jesuits opened a college in the city of Caen. The falls there to the study of philosophy.
The school is closed the following year, in 1610, but the Jesuits maintained a residence in the city. John continues under the spiritual guidance of his former teachers.
Back at the University of Caen, ends a few training philosophy and moral theology. Has not yet determined whether as a seminarian should be offered to the bishop of Bayeux or join the Society of Jesus.
In 1614 he made his vocational discernment. Is only 21 years old. It was decided by the Society of Jesus, but postponed their income family matters.
Condé sur Vire returns to direct and manage the estates of his family. Three years later, at age 24, formally requested admission to the Society of Jesus.
In early November 1617, John de Brébeuf reached Rouen on horseback.
The first impression of the Master of novices is to have before it an old-time Norman. Age is higher than others. Height is exceptional, a head taller. Meat is very lean, broad-shouldered and well proportioned. Norman is very factions, prominent nose, thick lips, high cheekbones and eyes looking straight ahead and without fear.
On November 8, ending the First probation and incorporated into the life of the community. His companions, about fifty, are smaller than him, and almost all are Normans.
Last month of spiritual exercises, and finished the questions of whether to become a priest or brother.
On November 8, 1619, pronounces perpetual vows of poverty, chastity and obedience in the Society of Jesus.
As John has done in the humanities and philosophy before joining, it is sent to the College of La Flèche with other Jesuits in its class.
It is for the College of Rouen for the experience of teaching. The College is just around the corner of the Novitiate. His students are the bottom Grammar course, all of twelve years. With great patience, taught well and cares for the conduct of those restless kids.
The following year, 1620, with the same children, John de Brébeuf began to dictate the course of Grammar Media. But very seriously ill, with recurrent fevers, coughs and violent depression. Can not, therefore, to give their classes.
The Provincial then judge recommended he be ordained priest before he died. To do so, says a priest of the College to give courses in Theology, Scripture and canon law are missing.
In September 1621, in a rough chariot travels to receive Subdiaconate Lisieux. On 18 December the same year, he received the diaconate at the Cathedral of Bayeux. On February 19, 1622 in Pontoise, ordered a priest.
Said his first Mass of the Feast of the Annunciation. It's your birthday, but being Friday, the party moves to April 4th.
With the ordination, improvement of Juan de Brébeuf is enhanced significantly. That same year he was Assistant Treasurer at the College of Rouen. The following year the Treasurer holder. It is not an easy position. The school has 600 students and still need to be new construction.
The vocation to Canada
In Rouen, John has the opportunity to meet two Franciscan priests who have returned from New France, from North America.
Norman is interested. The official request of the Franciscans to the Jesuits to be helped in the missions of Canada is no secret.
Juan is available for the first issue. The Provincial gives no security to make the trip, but leaves him enrolled in the high register of petitions.
And John is elected, almost without hope. Then feel a deep joy and immense gratitude to God. With him are three priests and two Brothers. Superior is designated as P. Carlos Lalement, director of studies at the College de Clermont in Paris. They are the last days of March 1625.
The fleet must sail to New France from the port of Dieppe in mid-April. You have to carry everything: food, clothing, mattresses, blankets, kitchen utensils, tools, medicines, sacred vessels, books ... In New France there is almost nothing.
If you forget something, they should wait next year, when the fleet made another trip. In recent days there are difficulties, but do not prevent the departure of the Jesuits.
The American world
On April 24, 1625, the fleet sailed three ships. The trip takes seven weeks.
On June 16, the yachts arrive at anchorage awaiting Moulin Baude and current and tide favorable to continue into the inlet of Tadoussac.
Jean de Brébeuf is amazed that new world. Around the boat there are many boats with rowers esnudos, reddish skin. Singing and rhythm. On the banks vie for Indian men, women and children. Almost everyone is naked. Some are painted, greasy blue, red, black or white. It's quite a hubbub of voices, deep growls, and cries of crows. The landscape is beautiful. Brébeuf was fascinated with the woods, the birds and the sun's rays on the River.
Boats back in the St. Lawrence River. Everything is getting more amazing. Five days and nights filled with beautiful deep missionaries comfort.
Finally hear the cry as expected: Quebec, Quebec! It's July 15, 1625.
But the Company of Montmorency, head of the French colony, prohibiting the landing of the Jesuits. Courageously defend the Franciscans and, after a long parley, achieve the landing and received his friends in his small Jesuit convent in Quebec.
For the Franciscans, they know all the problems with the new mission. The Company does not care Montmorency but their commercial interests. 51 residents living in Quebec French, of which 33 are employees of the Company business.
The buildings are miserable barracks, except the warehouse and the governor's house. The French are almost all Huguenots, and bad Catholics. The Algonquin Indians, who traded in Quebec, are nomadic and are unwilling to listen to Christian doctrine. No Recollect Franciscan been able to learn the language.
The Franciscans will also talk about indigenous ferrets in the wild west. Are sedentary, cultivating wheat and live in permanent houses, grouped behind a fence. They have proved friendly and seeking help to defeat their enemies the Iroquois. Perhaps there could settle a Mission.
Towards a Mission among the Hurons
Two weeks later, John de Brébeuf and a Franciscan ascend the St. Lawrence River to the country of the Hurons.
Package you need to spend a winter there, ship biscuit, food, tents and warm clothing, they need to celebrate Mass, some books, axes, knives, pots and trinkets. The most valuable is a list of words and phrases in Huron dialect, collected by the Franciscans.
For weeks back the river in canoes. In a place called Trois Rivières, traders must join the Company Montmorency to continue. In Victoria out the French have a habit of waiting for ferrets, from upstream to traffic with them.
At this place John de Brébeuf first looks on. Some wear their hair forming a sort of bun on top, and the rest of the skull is shaved. Others have greased hair, stuck to his ears and neck. Many hold fringe, two or three inches wide, alternating with pieces shaved from the forehead to the neck. All faces are smeared. They have a black stripe from ear to ear, with white circles in the eyes and mouth. The chest, abdomen, arms and back fat sparkle with color. Used shell necklaces, bracelets on her arms and belts. Some have earrings and nose.
The French in Trois Rivières decide not to allow the trip to the missionaries. A Franciscan, Fr Nicolas Viel, has been drowned last year, after having spent two winters with ferrets. The explanations for the heads ferrets certainly seem unclear. Rather, the French left in the impression of a crime.
The missionaries, however, become friendly with some bosses. A John de Brébeuf they look with some admiration for their height and bulk. I begin to call "Echon", unable to pronounce the French name of John.
The two missionaries insist on following. There is a long speech. Finally, ferrets, as a suspected, pretexts not have room in the canoes. Then, all the French return to Quebec.
The mission of the Algonquin
In Quebec, Jean de Brébeuf and his companions were engaged in the construction of the Jesuit Residence, next to the San Carlos River, about two miles from the village. And from there, begin the difficult task of evangelizing the Algonquins. Is very little they can do.
Juan obtained from P. Lalement, at the insistence of pleading, leave to join a group of Algonquins, who accepts his company in his living nomadic winter.
With them walking, sailing canoe, through forests, involved in the killing of bear and beaver. Mountain climbing, snow suffers. Shares often hunger. The hardest thing is the promiscuous living in camps, by the fire. But learn a lot, customs and words of foreign language.
Back to the Hurons
On July 14, 1626, come to Quebec from France, three other Jesuits. With one and a Franciscan priest, Juan de Brébeuf begins again the issue to the ferrets. At the end of the Victoria's found, like the previous year.
There are many bargains, many rejections, insistent and pleading. Finally, Echon embarks on a Huron canoe. Should row, carrying loads, falls through the hills canoe, climb the muddy river Ottawa.
At three weeks, arriving at Lake Nipissing Indians, allies of the Hurons. There lie two days. Continue. It is an endless succession of rapids and the water is black. Another four days sailing through treacherous channels.
Finally, arrive at the Georgia Bay on Lake Huron. Reman ninety miles and arrive at the south end. A little further up is the village of Toanché Huron, with fifteen houses.
Knees, John de Brébeuf gives thanks to God. Ferrets, women and children look at him in amazement.
Among the Hurons
During the winter, Juan learns to live like a ferret. His diet is corn, fish and meat from beaver, bear and antelope.
In June 1627, his fellow Jesuit, Fr Anne Noue, returns to Quebec. You can not adjust.
John visits one after another, the 25 villages of Huron. Gradually, he begins to love the people God has placed in its path. Learning language is without doubt the hardest.
In June 1628, also leaves the fellow Franciscan. Juan is, then, all alone.
In the third winter, work hard in a dictionary, grammar and translation of the Catechism Ledesma. No one wants to baptize in the three years.
Only a friend of Huron.
Expelled from the New World
In June 1629, he too must leave Toanché. In obedience, you are asked to return with corn. In Quebec the population starves. The British are close and need your help.
A few days after arriving, the English attack and surrender Quebec. The French population and with it, the Franciscans and the Jesuits, go to Tadoussac to return to France.
Fr John de Brébeuf and his five fellow Jesuits arrive in Calais the last days of October 1629. Delivery to the Provincial in Paris written and oral reports on New France. In every room is admired and with great curiosity, want to share their experiences among the "savages."
The Company Montmorency is replaced by the Hundred Associates, decision made by Cardinal Richelieu, according to the Recoletos and the Jesuits.
Jean de Brébeuf then enters Tertianship course under the tutelage of the famous P. Luis Lalement. Exercise month ago, and January 20, 1630 he pronounced his final vows in the Society of Jesus.
Preserving the best of its purposes. "Let me be destroyed before olunteers violating a provision of the constitution. Never rest, I never say enough. "
Returning to Canada
In 1632, Cardinal Richelieu ordered the return to New France. Has the return of part of England and has provided the organization of an empire for France.
But this time, evangelism is just under the responsibility of the Society of Jesus. Excluded and the Franciscans Recollect, with deep regret of all.
In the first issue, not including P. John de Brébeuf, and stay in France with grief. In her part of his friend Father Antonio Daniel.
But the March 23, 1633, embarked on the flagship Viceroy now Samuel Champlain. It's a return to glory and majesty.
On May 25, 1633 is back in Quebec. John de Brébeuf and runs low quick to Our Lady of the Angels to embrace, emotion, co.
In early July 1633, the ferrets come and promise Echon carry with them next summer. Iran three: the PP. Antonio Daniel, Ambrose Davost and him. In addition, six French aid them in construction.
On July 4, 1634, Brebeuf travels in the direction of the Hurons and bless the founding of Fort de Trois Rivières, the future city. And again comes the grueling trip. "We carried our canoes slopes 35 times and we have hauled at least fifty."
Setting this time Ihonatiria, where they have moved Toanché ferrets. With his friends built the house in the Mission San Jose and is given, with enthusiasm, the apostolic work.
In 1635 the Jesuits dare to baptize two elders. Visit with great sacrifice all Huron villages. Are welcome. John and Huron language can say almost anything he wants and, indeed, this is the best of its advantages. Day to day purchases and credit authority to the people.
On August 13, 1635, come to his side, PP. Francis Le Mercier and Peter Pijart. In 1636, he sent 12 young ferrets to Quebec to be educated in the Mission of Our Lady of the Angels.
On August 13, 1636, come to the Mission by Fr Charles Garnier and another Jesuit, September 11, Isaac Jogues and a young Frenchman.
But with the new missionaries, also comes the flu and making havoc in Quebec and Trois Rivières. In the Huron Mission of San José, all Jesuits and much of the French fall ill and are on the verge of death. Only John de Brébeuf escape the contagion and can focus with great sacrifice to their subjects and siblings.
Shortly thereafter, the entire Huron village and Echon spread becomes the main medical challenges sorcerers. Only in February 1637, the epidemic begins to subside.
The founding of missions
On June 8, 1637, John de Brébeuf founded Mission
Our Lady of the Conception in Ossosané, the nation's capital Huron Bear.
Ecrudece fever epidemic in July throughout Huronia. It is now suspected that the "black robes" are the cause. All missionaries are then in danger of death.
John manages the conversion of one of the leaders, Chihwatenhwa, who has cared for with great affection for fevers. But the danger of life is evident. Have multiplied the looks of hatred.
The vow of martyrdom
John writes, then vote for martyrdom, to utter every day at mass.
"I express my opinion in your presence, the Eternal Father and the Holy Spirit. In resence of your Mother and St. Joseph, before the angels, apostles and martyrs, before my father San Ignacio and San Francisco Javier. Formulate my formal vote and I dedicate it to you, Jesus. If the grace of martyrdom is being offered, for your infinite mercy, I shall pass this grace.
I make this vow for the rest of my life. To you, Lord Jesus, I offer with pleasure, my blood, my body and my soul, from this day, and I gladly offer to die for you, if you wish you died for me. "
The harvest of missionary
On February 1, 1638, John de Brébeuf was appointed head solemnly ferret. Is the greatest honor you can get a missionary.
The conversions are continuing. You have the comfort of blessing the ground first marriage Huron, Chihwatenhwa Joseph and Mary his wife.
On June 25, 1638, decided to move the Mission San Jose from Ihonatiria to Teanaustayé, the capital of the nation Huron Rope. Let there Isaac Jogues and Peter Chastellain.
A New Superior
On August 26, 1638, arrived in Huronia Fr Jerome Lalement with the office of Superior.
Immediately P. Lalement, seconded by John de Brébeuf, finally decided to organize the mission. Echon accepts ideas and throw together the foundations of the institution of "donated" in the Company. It takes many missionaries. The harvest is too large.
The laity in service will be donated works of the Company. Live as religious, but only with private vows. They have the great responsibility of construction, catechesis and all material from the missions.
The war with the Iroquois
Juan de Brébeuf was transferred to the Mission Teanaustayé, which soon divides into two. Everything seems to smile.
But the traditional war rages Hurons and Iroquois that year. In a raid Huron, Iroquois 80 taken prisoner. By law Huron, are condemned to torture and death. Echon, as head ferret has access to the councils and can turn a good number of them. They want to have, after death, happy in another way they are promised.
Conversions also, in the town of Mission, increase with the profound joy of the missionaries. In 1638, the number of Christians reached 50. In 1639, the three missions will have 96.
Mission Santa Maria
In late August 1639, P. Jerome Lalement missionaries decided to group all the Huron Mission in one place. Funda, well, the Mission Santa Maria, relatively near the ancient village of Toanché.
But soon comes to the villages ferrets smallpox epidemic. Again, the mortality is from the Indians and the danger to the missionaries. Why not die black robes? May be the cause because they want to heal the ferrets.
Mission among the Indians neutral
On November 2, 1639, Father John de Brébeuf assigned by his superior to found a mission among the Indians neutral, south of Huronia. The name "neutral" receive it because they live in peace with the Hurons and the Iroquois on the south side of Lake Erie.
Juan, a fellow Jesuit, two donated and a young ferret, moving south. On the seventh day Kanducho reach the village. The language is a dialect similar to the ferret, with marked differences in pronunciation. All neutral use tattoos. The faces, bodies, arms and legs are striped black, circles and patterns.
Jean de Brébeuf Begin tour of all the villages. But it is not well received. In all there is prevention against him. Neutral chiefs believe that the missionary can come with fever. Some ferrets enemies reported the rumors.
The mission employs a year and four months. It is a difficult time. Supports dangers and threats and not getting conversions. Finally, at the beginning of March 1641, John and his partner embark on a return to Santa Maria.
But while crossing a stream, slips and strikes a blow against the ice. With great difficulty, must admit he has broken his left collarbone.
On 19 March, with great difficulty, the two Jesuits arrived in Santa Maria to celebrate Mass immediately, in honor of the patron saint of the Mission.
A break in Quebec
Fr Lalement Jerome decides to send John de Brébeuf to the city of Quebec, with the boats that travel in the month of May. The broken collarbone can not be treated in the Mission and the pains of Brébeuf seem very intense. After seven consecutive years among the Hurons, you can regain your strength in Quebec.
With deep sorrow in Santa Maria, you are fired. We all appreciate it, priests, brothers, donated and workers. They want him deeply, for his humility, inexhaustible patience, charity and indomitable courage.
On June 20, 1641, the canoes reach Trois Rivières, with admiration of all, because of Iroquois raids around the city. A few days later, the missionaries in Quebec.
John visit, fascinated, the new mission of the Jesuits in the village of Algonquin Sillery Christians. Shortly thereafter, she toured the hospital founded by the Sisters of Dieppe and Ursuline College for girls Algonquin.
John was appointed Superior of Sillery. From there, always restless, participates in the founding of the city of Montreal and supports, with all means at its disposal, to his beloved mission among the Hurons.
A pain that tears
In July 1642, received in Trois Rivières to Isaac Jogues accompanying ferrets in the annual travel trade. In August, John decides the fate of donated and skillful young surgeon René Goupil and Isaac mate.
More than usual, suffers with the trip of his friends because he wanted to join them. But his decision to be guided by obedience peace returns.
On the evening of that day, John knows, with horror, that Isaac, René and ferrets have fallen into the hands Iroquois. Desgarrársele Feel your heart, but once again must fulfill the will of God. Cry like a man and instructs his friends.
Shortly after John baptized in Quebec to six ferrets, all young. Tirelessly continues his work in Sillery and Trois Rivières.
On June 12, 1643, Trois Rivières reach two ferrets.
With emotion, John de Brébeuf recognizes in these tortured faces, Joseph and Peter, two brothers Chihwatenhwa. Belong to the group of prisoners captured by the Iroquois in last August.
They tell the storm, were passed by fire, torn apart and lives of slavery during the winter. Also recount the death of René Goupil. John weeps almost inconsolable.
On August 15, Trois Rivières reach several Iroquois canoes. The French allow a single berth and a single Iroquois. This delivered a letter to John Isaac, in Latin, French and Huron:
"This is the fourth letter I write since I've been to the Iroquois. The Dutch have tried to rescue us, but to no avail. I am resolved to stay here until God wants it. I have no escape, even if the chance comes to me do it. "
Another year of anguish
A year John de Brébeuf should stay in Quebec City and Trois Rivières Sillary.
On April 27, 1644, after preparing it, dismisses the issue of Father Francis Bressani, a young Italian Jesuit, with its six ferrets and a donated Christian French.
Two weeks later, on May 14, received the news with deep sorrow that the ferrets have perished and that the P. Bressani is a slave to the Iroquois.
Then, John de Brébeuf is called to Quebec for conferences with the Governor and P. Vimont, the Jesuit Superior of New France. It is urgent to make peace with the Iroquois. Otherwise, all efforts made with the Algonquins, Hurons and neutral may be lost.
An incredible surprise
In June 1644, the fleet arrives in Quebec comes from France. The surprise of John is great when you descend from sailing ships to their dear friend Isaac Jogues. Before asking any questions merge into a hug.
Isaac tells his friends the terrible ordeal. The Iroquois have been very hard indeed. The Jesuits watch, amazed, his hands mutilated and peace of his friend. Was able to escape with the help of the Dutch.
He came to France for Christmas. He obtained permission to return. Now we are happy again.
In July, John and his friend Isaac travel together to Trois Rivières. A few days later, come to the city twelve Huron canoes, in P. Pedro Pijart and some donated.
Ferrets declare that they come to trade but travel in the fight against the Iroquois warrior. Jean de Brébeuf thinks he sees, then, a new opportunity for him. Fr Pijart can stay in Trois Rivières and he go back to the Huron country.
He hurries and goes to Quebec to seek the approval of Fr Vimont. This seat and gives the latest documents came from France. Fr Jerome Lalement must return to Quebec, it is the new superior of the Mission of New France. Fr Paul Raguenau Superior has been designated as the Huron Mission. Jean de Brébeuf will be responsible for communicating changes.
For the third time in Huronia
Quebec Juan travels, happy with his third destination to ferrets. With him are two other young missionaries, Natal Leonardo Chabanel and Garreau.
On September 7, 1644 arrived in Santa Maria, after 30 days of travel. A Echon the Hurons and the Jesuits, which are noisily. First, the cries of surprise, then come the laughter and hugs. In the chapel of logs, all the vibrant chant Te Deum of thanksgiving.
Newcomers meet the myriad of questions. Yes, the journey has been easy. No, have not seen the Iroquois. Isaac Jogues is in Quebec. Has returned with traces of his tortures.
All rejoice. As a good Jesuit, accept changes in Higher confident. Fr Lalement Jerome is a true father to all, much loved, and were pleased to have him as principal in Quebec Superior. From there to ensure dedication to the Huron Mission. Fr Paul Raguenau Brébeuf is much like and is like its shadow. It is a good religious, intelligent and a charity at all costs. "Aondechate" as they call it is another Echon ferrets.
The new Santa Maria Mission
The community is now sixteen Jesuits. Of these, fourteen are priests and two brothers. Eleven have also donated.
Santa Maria has made significant progress in the three-year absence from Brébeuf. It is now almost a fortress, with fences to river. In the grounds are five buildings, workshops and warehouses.
The community house has two floors, two fireplaces, twelve rooms, lounge, dining room and kitchen. The Chapel is 15 feet long and 8 wide, a stone altar, images carved by the Hurons, beautiful ornaments and paintings. There is a house for donated, and one for guests. Within the enclosure is a water well, a forge, and pens for chickens and pigs.
Jean de Brébeuf not conceal his surprise. With deep joy, look at the buildings next to the Mission Chapel of the Hurons, the small hospital and cemetery. In the field is planted.
Across the country the news spreads of the return of Echon. Ferrets come to Santa Maria, from all the settlements, in Ossossané and Teanaustayé and beyond. Ossossané One says, "Soon all our village will be Christian."
Juan is intended to Santa Maria. From there on long trips, you must meet the Huron village of Santa Ana, San Luis, San Dionisio, San Juan and San Francisco Javier.
In September 1645, to the surprise and joy of Juan and all the inhabitants of Santa Maria, arrives in a canoe P. Francis Bressani.
Nothing was known of him since he was captured by the Iroquois in April last year. The account of his torture and how it was rescued by the Dutch and sent them to France in October.
Echon viewed with pain the scars that cover the neck, face, arms, legs and hands of Father Francisco. Of these, the Iroquois some fingers amputated and others chewed, leaving only stumps. John thinks that Father Francisco is a martyr and pray deeply to deserve equal suffering and, God willing, a bloody death.
In November, John makes a six-day trip, paddling with a donated, to visit a group of ferrets who have fled beyond Lake Nipissing. On his return he continued his travels between the towns ferrets.
News of his friend Isaac Jogues
In one village, John learns of the deaths of Isaac Jogues and John de La Lande at the hands of the Iroquois Mohawks. For he is the saddest news of his life. Grief-stricken, crying bitterly for his two friends and also by the Mohawk Iroquois.
He admires the work of Isaac Jogues. Not faint, he initiated the peace efforts with the Onondaga, the Cayuga and Oneida, the three core nations of the Iroquois. The Senecas refused. Now also the Mohawks are relentless war against ferrets.
The martyrdom of Daniel Antonio
In September 1647, P. Paul Raguenau, the Superior of the Huron Mission, missionaries decided to expand the horizons towards Petuns, the Algonquins of the north and back to neutral. Juan is in Santa Maria, with their own villages Huron.
In early June 1648, has the consolation of receiving at Mission Santa Maria to P. Antonio Daniel. Ferrets Antwen call. He has come to do, in the main house of the mission, the Spiritual Exercises of the year. With his friend make new plans.
Antonio Daniel returns to his post Teanaustayé on 2 July. The Iroquois attacked the village on day 4, burn and kill. The news of the martyrdom of his friend John arrives the same day. Teanaustayé runs and finds only ashes.
In 1649, besides the towns ferrets in their care, John
charge of the village of San Ignacio to replace the destroyed village of Teanaustayé, about 8 miles from Santa Maria.
The new town was built under the direction of John. Receives as a companion to Father Gabriel Lalement missionary just arrived the previous year.
Gabriel, now called Atironta, through all the villages. In all gets a good spiritual harvest.
Again, the Iroquois
On the morning of Monday, March 15, 1649, John de Brébeuf and Gabriel Lalement leave from Santa Maria to the usual course of their missions.
Spend the day in San Luis, located 4 kilometers, with its four ferrets. Housed in the small cabin. Shortly after dawn, day 16, say their Masses. That same day they plan to go to the village of San Ignacio, an additional 4 miles away.
At six o'clock, when they are finishing Thanksgiving, they are surprised by the screaming of the ferret: "The Iroquois are in San Ignacio! The Iroquois are slaughtering ferrets San Ignacio!".
Jean thinks, horrified take not appear in this town of San Luis.
Overcoming the noise of men and the desperate cries of women and children, prepare the defense. The men go to the palisades and women with children are forced to flee into the forest.
After both Echon and Atironta, are at the palisades. The Huron chief urges them to flee with women. Echon answers
that his job is there to care for the warriors.
Iroquois soon reach the fence. And arrows whistling sound of musket shots Iroquois. The first attack is rejected. In a second spike, the village is captured.
The prisoners are strongly tied. A shoving the Iroquois force them to leave the village. The group as a herd. Plunder and kill. Howling in frenzied dance, celebrate the victory.
Then burn the buildings. Prisoners are forced to sing and, jogging exhausting, take them to San Ignacio.
In the forest, the Iroquois tear their clothing and Atironta Echon. Leave them naked as they go.
On reaching the village of San Ignacio, the Iroquois are placed in two parallel rows, forcing the prisoners to pass between them. With sticks and batons, screaming, beat them until they reach the other end. Echon, his body bruised, she is finally huddled with friends ferrets.
John and Gabriel, in blades, do their prayers and offerings. Echon says he probably Atironta, Gabriel, will be alive and will be taken to the Iroquois villages as a slave.
In this case, he advises, must flee, like Isaac and P. Francis Bressani.
To each other can be heard in confession and absolve each other.
Soon after they are forced to stand. They were ordered to dance and sing the song of death.
In dance, jump on Echon Iroquois. A bite will break the bones of the hands. Nail tear off and chew your fingers. Drag him to a post. The tie and into the fire starts.
Echon know the code of the Iroquois. Know what you expect. So, ask God for strength to not express either fear or utter complaints. As they burn, do not cry.
Reza and consoles ferrets die with him. John shouts: "Jesus, have mercy. "Ferrets answer:
"Echon, pray for us."
The Iroquois Echon squeezing shut out a lighted torch in your mouth. Then they start to burn a whole. Still alive, they throw over the head and injuries boiling water, as a mockery of baptism. "Echon, baptize you, so you can
be happy. "
With great difficulty, Echon says: "Jesus, have mercy". Huron language and adds"Jesus taiteur. One of the Iroquois takes her nose and starts with a slash. Another man hurt his upper lip, pull the tongue and cut off a piece. A third will burn your mouth with a lighted stick.
Death This is the skull of St. Jean de Brebeuf
Then the huge body of Echon, burning the ties, falls into the coals. Her eyes still open, are emptied with a lighted torch. It out of the fire. Estava yet. They put their bodies on a stage.
Iroquois chief, with his sharp knife, rips the scalp. That's his trophy. After sinking his long knife of war on the side, and rips the heart. Sucks the blood, handle, and eat it greedily.
The other Iroquois chiefs also eat slices of roast meat and drink blood. A download manager ax on the head and two. Then burn it all.
It's four in the afternoon of March 16, 1649. Atironta, in prayer, waiting their turn.
Jean de Brébeuf was canonized on June 26, 1930, in conjunction with St. Isaac Jogues, St. Rene Goupil, St. John de La Lande, San Antonio Daniel, Lalement San Gabriel, San Carlos San Natal Garnier and Chabanel.
They are all patrons of the evangelization of North America
References and courtesy of: Catholic.Net